Capital of china
is a city where the old cultural traditions and the
modern civilization are well integrated. Each year thousands
of visitors and tourists come to Beijing to enjoy and
feel its unique culture and scenery.
is endowed with rare cultural heritage due to its long
history. The Great Wall, one of the world wonders and
the sole man-made architecture which can be seen from
space, extends several hundred miles in Beijing. The
poetic and picturesque Summer Palace is the classic
works of the feudal dynasty garden. The Forbidden City
is the most splendid group of imperial palace in the
world. The temple of heaven is the place of worship
for emperors of various dynasties of China as well as
a splendid achievement of the Chinese ancient architectural
art. The above four have been selected by the United
Nations organization of education, Science and Culture
as the world cultural heritage. What is typical of Beijing
is hutong and the compound courtyard (old Beijing residential
quarters), which are now disappearing. These streets
and buildings witnessed ups and downs of the city and
the people in the past centuries and are a typical symbol
of the life of Beijing people.
have taken place day by day in Beijing since China's
reform and opening to the outside world is being deepened.
As a popular saying goes around here, Beijing is growing
taller with more and more high buildings younger with
the people's life richer and more colorful. Beijing
is advancing more rapidly with full confidence in the
is Beijing, old and young, full of attraction. It is
our sincere hope that you will make best of your time
here to visit more places and enjoy more scenery and
we believe you will harvest a lot.
in Chinese means "capital in the north". Its
establishment could be traced back to more than 3000
years ago. From 1272 to 1911, Beijing was the capital
of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. After the People's
Republic of China was founded in 1949, Beijing is the
capital of new China.
is located at 115¡ã20' to 117¡ã32' east longitude and
3923' to 4105' north altitude, the same altitude as
Rome, Madrid and Philadelphia. Its neighbors are hebei
Province and Tianjin City. Its total land area is 16,808
squre kilometers, among which the mountain areas account
for 52% and are distributed in its western, northern
and northeastern parts, and the plain accounts for 38%
and is distributed in its southern and southeastern
is one of the municipalities directly under the administration
of the central government (the other three are Tianjin,
Shanghai and Chongqing). Under its administration there
are 16 districts and 2 Counties. The Mayor of Beijing
is Mr. Liu Qi.
is located in the temperate zone affected by continental
monsoon. The spring and autumn in Beijing are shorter
and dry while the summer and winter are relatively longer.
October is the ending of the autumn. The temperature
of October is about 17¡æ, sometimes the temperature goes
down abruptly due to the cold air coming from western
Siberia. So it is recommended that you should be properly
clothed while going outdoors.
is a city with high population density. Its population
is 11.5 million. 8 million people out of them are living
in the city proper. In terms of nationality, most of
Beijing citizens are Han Chinese but all the minority
nationalities of China have citizens in Beijing. The
language spoken by most beijingers is very close to
people of Beijing are warm-hearted, hospitable, open-minded
and humorous. Their pace is quick while working and
their activities are interesting while at leisure. They
have a good tradition of hospitality. They like to talk
and show a strong interest in what is happening in and
outside China. The people of Beijing are ready to help
people. The local citizens wearing a red badge and the
police are responsible for the local security. They
will give you a hand while you encounter difficulty.
Many young people can have a simple conversation with
you in English.