ABOUT BEIJING

Beijing, Capital of china


 Beijing is a city where the old cultural traditions and the modern civilization are well integrated. Each year thousands of visitors and tourists come to Beijing to enjoy and feel its unique culture and scenery.


Beijing is endowed with rare cultural heritage due to its long history. The Great Wall, one of the world wonders and the sole man-made architecture which can be seen from space, extends several hundred miles in Beijing. The poetic and picturesque Summer Palace is the classic works of the feudal dynasty garden. The Forbidden City is the most splendid group of imperial palace in the world. The temple of heaven is the place of worship for emperors of various dynasties of China as well as a splendid achievement of the Chinese ancient architectural art. The above four have been selected by the United Nations organization of education, Science and Culture as the world cultural heritage. What is typical of Beijing is hutong and the compound courtyard (old Beijing residential quarters), which are now disappearing. These streets and buildings witnessed ups and downs of the city and the people in the past centuries and are a typical symbol of the life of Beijing people.


Changes have taken place day by day in Beijing since China's reform and opening to the outside world is being deepened. As a popular saying goes around here, Beijing is growing taller with more and more high buildings younger with the people's life richer and more colorful. Beijing is advancing more rapidly with full confidence in the 21st century.


This is Beijing, old and young, full of attraction. It is our sincere hope that you will make best of your time here to visit more places and enjoy more scenery and we believe you will harvest a lot.

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History


Beijing in Chinese means "capital in the north". Its establishment could be traced back to more than 3000 years ago. From 1272 to 1911, Beijing was the capital of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. After the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, Beijing is the capital of new China.

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Geography


Beijing is located at 11520' to 11732' east longitude and 3923' to 4105' north altitude, the same altitude as Rome, Madrid and Philadelphia. Its neighbors are hebei Province and Tianjin City. Its total land area is 16,808 squre kilometers, among which the mountain areas account for 52% and are distributed in its western, northern and northeastern parts, and the plain accounts for 38% and is distributed in its southern and southeastern parts.

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Administration


Beijing is one of the municipalities directly under the administration of the central government (the other three are Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing). Under its administration there are 16 districts and 2 Counties. The Mayor of Beijing is Mr. Liu Qi.

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Climate


Beijing is located in the temperate zone affected by continental monsoon. The spring and autumn in Beijing are shorter and dry while the summer and winter are relatively longer. October is the ending of the autumn. The temperature of October is about 17, sometimes the temperature goes down abruptly due to the cold air coming from western Siberia. So it is recommended that you should be properly clothed while going outdoors.

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Citizens


Beijing is a city with high population density. Its population is 11.5 million. 8 million people out of them are living in the city proper. In terms of nationality, most of Beijing citizens are Han Chinese but all the minority nationalities of China have citizens in Beijing. The language spoken by most beijingers is very close to the mandarin.


The people of Beijing are warm-hearted, hospitable, open-minded and humorous. Their pace is quick while working and their activities are interesting while at leisure. They have a good tradition of hospitality. They like to talk and show a strong interest in what is happening in and outside China. The people of Beijing are ready to help people. The local citizens wearing a red badge and the police are responsible for the local security. They will give you a hand while you encounter difficulty. Many young people can have a simple conversation with you in English.

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